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Statement By The Minister Of General Education, Hon. David Mabumba, MP, On Examination Reforms

Mr. Speaker,

I wish to announce to the nation that the Ministry of General Education, through the Examinations Council of Zambia, has embarked on examination reforms. The reforms are aimed at ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in the way examinations are conducted, arising from the experiences of the 2018 examination malpractices.

The strategic objectives of the reforms includes the following:

  • Improve the development of Examination papers
  • Enhance distribution and storage of exam papers in order to curb examination leakages and other forms of malpractices
  • Provide flexibility in the rules and procedures governing the award of examination center status for grades 7, 9 and 12 exams including grades 9 external and GCE
  • Reduce the period and cost of conducting exams
  • Introduce continuous school based assessments for grade 7, 9 and 12 exams
  • Strengthen the institutional and legislative framework of the Examination Council of Zambia.

In order to achieve the above objectives, the following works are in progress:



The ECZ has started technical consultation on the Implementation of the Electronic Item Banking and Test Construction facility that will cause the papers to be stored in form of items (single questions), while the paper will only be assembled when it needs to be printed and in an automated manner. The automation will reduce the human involvement to the subject officer during the finalization of the examination papers, creating an opportunity for responsibility among subject officers and randomness of the questions that make a paper. Further the question paper will have a water mark depicting a center code and center name on each page of the question papers.. To read more, click here to download

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